Americans at World Health Organization transmitted real-time information about coronavirus to Trump administration

How Trump and the World Health Organization ended up on a collision course.

The Post’s Senior national security correspondent Karen DeYoung explains what’s behind President Trump’s World Health Organization funding cut. (Zach Purser Brown/The Washington Post)
Karen DeYoung,
Lena H. Sun and
Emily Rauhala
April 19, 2020

More than a dozen U.S. researchers, physicians and public health experts, many of them from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, were working full time at the Geneva headquarters of the World Health Organization as the novel coronavirus emerged late last year and transmitted real-time information about its discovery and spread in China to the Trump administration, according to U.S. and international officials.
A number of CDC staffers are regularly detailed to work at WHO in Geneva as part of a rotation that has operated for years. Senior Trump-appointed health officials also consulted regularly at the highest levels with the WHO as the crisis unfolded, the officials said.
The presence of so many U.S. officials undercuts President Trump’s charge that the WHO’s failure to communicate the extent of the threat, born of a desire to protect China, is largely responsible for the rapid spread of the virus in the United States.

The administration has also sharply criticized the Chinese government for withholding information.

World Health Organization building in Geneva on Feb. 6. (Denis Balibouse/Reuters)
But the president, who often touts a personal relationship with Chinese President Xi Jinping and is reluctant to inflict damage on a trade deal with Beijing, appears to see the WHO as a more defenseless target.
Asked early Sunday about the presence of CDC and other officials at the WHO, and whether it was “fair to blame the WHO for covering up the spread of this virus,” Deborah Birx, the State Department expert who is part of the White House pandemic team, gently shifted the onus to China, and the need to “over-communicate.”
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“It’s always the first country that get exposed to the pandemic that has a — really a higher moral obligation on communicating, on transparency, because all the other countries around the world are making decisions on that,” Birx told ABC’s This Week. “And when we get through this as a global community, we can figure out really what has to happen for first alerts and transparency and understanding very early on about … how incredibly contagious this virus is.”
Trump slammed globally after White House freezes WHO funding amid coronavirus pandemic
President Trump received global condemnation for halting funding for the World Health Organization April 14, over its handling of the coronavirus pandemic. (Reuters)

Following a Trump-hosted video conference of the leaders of the Group of Seven industrialized nations on Thursday, a White House statement said “much of the conversation centered on the lack of transparency and chronic mismanagement of the pandemic by the WHO.”
Trump’s focus on WHO may resonate but it may be a diversion
The group’s focus on the global health organization during the call stemmed largely from Trump’s announcement two days earlier that he was freezing all U.S. funding for it, saying donors would be discussing “what do we do with all of that money that goes to WHO.” The United States provides up to $500 million a year in assessed and voluntary contributions, significantly more than any other nation.
In statements following the G-7 call, however, other leaders emphasized the need to build up the WHO, rather than tear it down.

French President Emmanuel Macron “expressed his support for the WHO and underscored the key role it must play,” according to a statement from his office. German Chancellor Angela Merkel “made clear that the pandemic can only be defeated with a strong and coordinated international response,” her spokesman said. “In this context, she expressed full support for the WHO as well as a number of other partners.”
German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas warned that the WHO “cannot be weakened or in any way be called into question politically. … Every inch that the U.S. withdraws from the wider world, especially at this level, is space that will be occupied by others — and that tends to be those that don’t share our values of liberal democracy,” he said.
Canada, Japan and the European Union — all of whom participated in the call — also issued strong statements backing the organization.

A G-7 statement issued after the call supported the need to review WHO performance. “We cannot have business as usual and must ask the hard questions about how [the pandemic] came about,” British Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab, standing in for virus-stricken Prime Minister Boris Johnson, said. But he stressed a post-crisis review should be “driven by science.”
U.S. sent millions of face masks to China early this year, ignoring warning about emerging pandemic
In announcing the funding cutoff, Trump charged last week that the WHO parroted incorrect Chinese statements and “failed to investigate credible reports … that conflicted directly with the Chinese government’s official accounts.” He criticized “the inability of the WHO to obtain virus samples” that China continues to refuse to supply.
A Senate aide who has tracked the issue said “there was clearly an effort” by China “not to provide transparent data and information” in the early stages of the outbreak.

“We were looking to WHO to provide that information, and they did not. It was unclear as to whether they didn’t get that transparency from the Chinese, or that they chose not to share what they did get under pressure from the Chinese,” said the aide who, like others, spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss a sensitive matter.
But some noted that the WHO has no power to compel member governments to do its bidding.
The organization “has no intelligence capabilities, and no investigatory power,” said Daniel Spiegel, who served as ambassador to the United Nation’s Geneva-based organizations, including the WHO, for the Clinton administration. “They should have been more skeptical about what the Chinese were telling them, but they’re totally at the mercy of what governments provide.”

Among his complaints, Trump seems most aggrieved by the initial WHO failure to support his Jan. 31 decision to partially ban incoming travel from China. Days later, at a meeting of the WHO executive board, Director General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said there was no need to “unnecessarily interfere with international travel and trade” to halt the spread of the disease. That message reiterated what he had said before Trump’s announcement, after meeting with Xi in Beijing.
Trump called Tedros’ statement “one of the most dangerous and costly decisions from the WHO. … They were very much opposed to what we did,” he said last week. “Fortunately, I was not convinced and suspended travel from China, saving untold numbers of lives.”
International public health experts have long debated whether border closures helped stem the spread of infectious diseases, or worsen the situation by blocking cooperation among countries. But many, including Antony Fauci, head of the National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases and a leading member of the administration’s coronavirus task force, have said it was probably helpful in this case as the efforts of individual countries to contain and mitigate the virus were outpaced by its rapid global spread.

On Saturday, Trump said without elaboration that “we’re finding more and more problems” with the WHO. Speaking at a White House virus briefing, he said the administration was “doing some research” on “other ways” to spend money originally intended for both the WHO and the National Institutes of Health, which he said was “giving away $32 billion a year.”
The meaning of Trump’s reference to NIH, whose fiscal year 2020 budget totals $41.6 billion, was unclear.
The administration’s 2019 Global Health Security Strategy advocates increased cooperation with the WHO and other international health organizations. But although the United States has a three-year seat on the WHO executive board, expiring in 2021, the post has remained vacant. Last month, Trump nominated Assistant Secretary for Health Brett Giroir for the position.

U.S. participation in the range of Geneva-based U.N. organizations is supervised by the State Department’s Bureau of International Organization Affairs, whose assistant secretary left office last November after the department’s inspector general issued a sweeping condemnation of his leadership, including “political harassment” of career officials deemed insufficiently loyal to Trump. It is currently headed in an acting capacity by a deputy.
But below the level of political appointments, communication between the U.S. government’s public health bureaucracy and the WHO has continued throughout the Trump administration.
In addition to working at WHO, on assignments first reported Saturday by Washington Post columnist Dana Milbank, CDC officials are often members of its many advisory groups. The emergency committee advising the organization on whether to declare “a public health emergency of international concern” during deliberations in mid to late January included Martin Centron, director for CDC’s Division of Global Migration and Quarantine.
When China eventually agreed to let a joint WHO mission into the country in mid-February, it included two U.S. scientists among 25 national and international experts from eight countries, although the Americans were not permitted to visit the “core area” in Wuhan.
From the beginning of the outbreak, CDC officials were tracking the disease and consulting with WHO counterparts. A team led by Ray Arthur, director of the Global Disease Detection Operations Center at CDC, compiles a daily summary about infectious disease events and outbreaks, categorized by level of urgency, that is sent to agency officials.
Arthur, according to a CDC official who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss internal deliberations, has participated in the CDC daily “incident management” calls, discussing information he learned from WHO officials.
Information is passed up the chain of command from CDC to the Department of Health and Human Services in daily reports and telephone discussions, this official said.
Any information of a sensitive nature about the growing outbreak was and continues to be shared by CDC officials with other U.S. officials in a secure facility located behind the CDC’s Emergency Operations Center at its Atlanta headquarters.
In the early days of the virus response, those officials included HHS Secretary Alex Azar. Information about what the WHO was planning to do or announce was often shared days in advance, the CDC official said.

Anne Gearan and Yasmeen Abutaleb contributed to this report




Garowe, April 18, 2020

According to reliable information sources, confirmed Coronavirus cases in Somalia are over 116 persons. Five of these cases were confirmed dead, based on the information obtained by Warsame Digital Media WDM.

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الحديث عن الحقيقة إلى السلطة في سياق غير ديمقراطي و قبلى. مقالاات عن المساءلة
Synopsis ملخص
The collapse of Somalia’s Central Government and its status as a failed state presents a unique case and problem to the international community as it constitutes an unprecedented threat to international order as community of nations and to the world as orderly societies with predictable laws and manners of civilized behaviour.
The author of this book strongly believes that the absence of free press and checks and balance of power had contributed, to the greatest extent, this national and internationally worrisome political situation in that country. This book, Talking Truth to Power in Undemocratic and Tribal Context, Articles of Impeachment, is a collection of a series of short articles written contemporaneously on the current political developments within the frameworks of the efforts being made by now fledgling transitional administrations of the Federal Government of Somalia and its Federal Member States. These are articles of critical analysis and essays on the latest political developments in Somalia. The articles are objective and unbiased take on major political issues of Somalia at moment.
Some of these essays had been recently published execluvely in the author’s personal blog at, attracting considerable readers’ interest, who are now also requesting for the compilation of these essays into a book. The author is responding to their persistent requests. These requests are also an indication that this book would sell well in a competitive book market.
The book could be a good source material for students and teachers learning English as a 2nd language in their composition papers and reporting skills. The book could also enlighten foreign diplomats and politicians on current political issues in Somalia, and efforts being made by Somalis to re-instate and re-construct their failed state.
By Ismail H. Warsame

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The problem with militias in Somalia: Almost everyone wants them despite their dangers

Vanda Felbab-BrownTuesday, April 14, 2020, United Nations University

For media inquiries, contact:
Media Inquiries 202.797.6103

Editor’s Note:

The following introduction is an excerpt from the case study, “The problem with militias in Somalia: Almost everyone wants them despite their dangers,” produced by Vanda Felbab-Brown for the United Nations University report, “Hybrid conflict, hybrid peace: How militias and paramilitary groups shape post-conflict transitions,” of which Adam Day was the project lead. The full case study can be found here.


Militia groups have historically been a defining feature of Somalia’s conflict landscape, especially since the ongoing civil war began three decades ago. Communities create or join such groups as a primary response to conditions of insecurity, vulnerability and contestation. Somali powerbrokers, subfederal authorities, the national Government and external interveners have all turned to armed groups as a primary tool for prosecuting their interests. State-aligned militias help to offset the weakness of Somalia’s official security forces, produce greater motivation and better intelligence and enhance bonds with local communities, perhaps even suppressing crime and intraclan violence.

Vanda Felbab-Brown

Senior Fellow – Foreign PolicyCenter for 21st Century Security and Intelligence

However, Somalia’s State-aligned militia groups are also an underlying source of insecurity, violent contestation, abusive rule, impunity and pernicious outside manipulation. They give rise to and allow the entrenchment of powerful militant groups such as the Al-Qaida- supporting, jihadist Harakat al-Shabaab al-Mujahideen, commonly referred to as al-Shabaab. As such, their increasingly central role in the fight against al-Shabaab is a double-edged sword: short-term military gains must be balanced against the militias’ longer-term, destabilizing impact.

This study analyses the pros and cons of relying on militias for security provision and counter-terrorism objectives in Somalia. It details the evolution, effectiveness and effects on stabilization efforts of several militia groups — Macawiisleey, Ahlu SunnaWal Jama’a, South-West Special Police, Mukhtar Robow’s militias, Ahmed Madobe’s militias (the Jubbaland State Forces), the Puntland Maritime Police Force (PMPF) and the Puntland Security Force (PSF). The study then assesses the effectiveness and shortcomings of existing responses to militias in Somalia, providing recommendations to national actors, policymakers and practitioners.

At the beginning of 2020, militias are once again at the forefront of a major policy debate about the strategy for State-building and security in Somalia. Since 2012, after helping to dramatically weaken a brutal, dangerous al-Shabaab regime that controlled much of the country, the international community has assisted in building State institutions in Somalia, which had been overwhelmingly destroyed in two and half decades of civil war. As part of its continuing efforts to combat al-Shabaab, the international community has partnered with Somalia’s national Government to build Somalia’s official armed and law enforcement forces and civilian institutions of governance, while advancing a plan to devolve power to the country’s states (known as federal member states).

But eight years later, many of these efforts have not yet delivered results. Al-Shabaab remains one of Somalia’s most powerful political and military actors. In fact, since 2018, the group has gained momentum and deepened its political entrenchment, prompting some members of the international community to question whether the State-building model is the right approach. Despite USD $1 billion of international financial assistance and international training since 2012, the Somali National Army (SNA) continues to lack the gamut of fighting capacities, relying instead on international forces to wrest territory from al- Shabaab, or even to keep the group from openly retaking other large territories, including majorcities. Existing efforts to strengthen the SNA and other official forces are not producing adequate numbers of sufficiently competent Somali national soldiers. Intensified rivalries between Somalia’s federal Government and the federal member states further hamper the deployment and effectiveness of the SNA.

As a result, countries such as the United States, Kenya, Ethiopia and the United Arab Emirates — the former three of which have military forces in Somalia — are losing their appetite for the State-building project in Somalia.[1] With the SNA chronically underperforming, these countries are poised to intensify their cultivation of pro- Government militias to fight against al-Shabaab. Even countries such as the United Kingdom and Germany (which have been at the forefront of multilateral efforts in Somalia) are increasingly motivated to support at least one set of militia groups — the State-supported paramilitary darwish (also known as “special police forces”) — through financial and possibly other non- lethal support.[2] These countries’ rationale is that, although reliance on militia groups for counter-terrorism and security is problematic, it is equally unsustainable and problematic to rely on the small and incompetent SNA and the national Somali Police Force (SPF). The situation in Somalia is putting growing pressures on both the Somali Government and the international community to scale up the use of such militias.


This strategy based on auxiliary forces competes with ongoing efforts to bolster the State-building effort, including training of the official Somalinational forces (which include the national military, police and intelligence agencies), expanding a defectors’ programme for al- Shabaab and efforts to integrate at least some of demobilized militias into the official security sector.

Embracing militias carries many risks: As this study details, the loyalties of militia groups are fluid, as they are susceptible to recruitment by their enemies and may prioritize their own interests — or those of an external patron — over those of the State. Militias also divert manpower and resources from Somalia’s official forces, including by incentivizing defections. Worse still, Somalia’s militia groups, particularly without supervision or assured sustainable income, tend to engage in predatory and, at times, violent behaviour, both on rival communities and even within their own. Deeply entrenched in the political economy of Somalia, militias have strong tendencies to appropriate political authority, strengthen authoritarian forms of rule, monopolize local economies and engage in other mafia-like economic and political activities. In these ways, they exacerbate localconflicts, increase grievances and enable al- Shabaab’s political entrenchment in parts of the country. They compete with each other and, at times, with the federal Government. A poorly concluded defeat of al-Shabaab could actually plunge the country back into open fighting as the remaining militias compete for power. Foreign actors also instrumentalize Somalia’s militias, undermining Somalia’s sovereignty and entangling the country in geopolitical rivalries that could further destabilize the region.

At the same time, militias may be the best hedge against even more direct intervention by outside actors. If existing joint efforts fail to weaken al-Shabaab’s military, political and economic power, intensified bilateral interventions such as US air strikes and enlarged deployments of Ethiopian and Kenyan forces grow more likely. These forces operate outside of the mandate and framework of the African Union and the United Nations, and harken back to the troubled period of Ethiopia’s intervention in Somalia between 2006 and 2009. Other actors with substantial military assistance in Somalia, such as the Emirates and Turkey, may not be able to resist the temptation to intervene more forcefully.

Related Books

Part of the risk of greater foreign intervention in Somalia arises from intensified regional and geopolitical rivalries, which shape local contestations in Somalia — and are also shaped by those local dynamics. The cold war conflict between Qatar and Turkey, on the one hand, and Saudi Arabia and the Emirates, on the other, intersects with and exacerbates conflicts and tensions between Somalia’s Government and the country’s federal member states, themselves already at a level of tension and suspicion not seen in years. For the Government, federal member states and international actors, militias are a favored tool against al-Shabaab, but their utility extends far beyond that fight. For instance, the federal member states — which carefully guard their autonomy, despite the existence of a formally agreed Somali national security infrastructure framework — see the militias as a crucial security hedge against the power of Mogadishu, Somalia’s capital. The states can use the militias as a bargaining tool in their negotiations with Mogadishu over power distribution.

Many local communities deeply distrust and resent the SNA, which they perceive as more of a conglomeration of militias than as a competent State security service. The SNA is alleged to be unreliable in delivering basic security. Rather than respond to the military chain of command, many local SNA units display greater loyalty to their own clan and community interests; they use the SNA to abuse and exploit rival clans. In response, clan elders and local communities have bolstered their own clan militias as protection — not only against al-Shabaab, but also against the SNA.

The decision to double down on pro-Government militias to address the threats posed by al- Shabaab thus risks producing new drivers of conflict while perpetuating deeply rooted intercommunal tensions. As a United Nations official in Mogadishu put it, “We have tried to get to reduced killing in Somalia without ever resolving Somalia’s conflicts.”[3] And in the words of an international military advisor in Baidoa: “Fighting a war through proxies is fraught with proxy problems downstream.”[4] There is growing evidence that embracing militias rewards entrepreneurs of violence, reinforces impunity, and perpetuates violence.

Nonetheless, rolling back militias in Somalia does not seem feasible at this time, given al- Shabaab’s new momentum and the lack of progress in building up the State’s capacities. Instead, policies should be adopted to reduce at least some of the most pernicious effects of militias and to mitigate their worst tendencies, even while working through and with them. Steps should be taken to hold accountable the most egregiously behaving militias. Critically, the Somali Government, the federal member states and the international community should refocus efforts on reducing local conflicts, as part of the broader strategy to combat al-Shabaab and build stronger relations between State and society.

A. Outline of this study

This study first provides an overview of the evolution and current state of the political, economic and battlefield power of al-Shabaab, alongside the capacities and deficiencies of both the various Somali national security services and the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). These dynamics take place in a fraught political context: tensions have risen between the Government and the federal member states, and there is broader geopolitical and regional competition for influence in Somalia.

The second part of the study analyses the structural and political drivers of militia formation and persistence in Somalia. It also describes the pro-militia arguments made by Somali politicians, government officials, clan elders and international actors. The second section of the study also reviews various types of militia groups in Somalia, including clan-based forces, contract militias, federal member state paramilitary darwish and militias sponsored by external actors. To understand how these militias form and operate, the study provides a detailed portrait of several prototypical militiagroups — namely, Macawiisleey, Ahlu Sunna Wal Jama’a, the South-West Special Police, Mukhtar Robow’s militias, Ahmed Madobe’s militias (the Jubbaland State Forces), the PMPF and the PSF. The section concludes with an analysis of the specific risks associated with the activities of the main militias across Somalia.

The third section of the study describes the lack of a consistent policy towards militia groups in Somalia and the increasing tendency of various international actors to embrace and bolster militias. This portion of the study explains the international community’s dilemmas in deciding how to deal with these newly strengthened forces. It reviews current and potential policies for reducing the scale and negative effects of the militias, identifying the feasibility and likely effectiveness of each. The assessed policies include:

  1. Integrating militias into formal security forces;
  2. Putting them on payroll and providing them with non-lethal assistance without integrating them into formal forces;
  3. Disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR);
  4. Addressing local conflicts as an indirect approach to eliminating the impetus for militias.

The final section of the study, on recommendations, builds on the analysis of current responses and offers concrete steps that would enable the Somali Government and international partners to limit the risks posed by militias while also benefiting from their unique capacities. The recommendations focus on the following areas:

  1. Avoiding or minimizing the creation of new militia groups;
  2. Appropriate vetting of militias prior to integration into the Somali official forces;
  3. Steps to end impunity for human rights violations;
  4. Provision of human rights and civics training;
  5. Establishment of a salary system for militia members integrated into the Somali national forces;
  6. Creation of an international payroll for some militias (for example, darwish) conditioned on a serious vetting process for human rights abuses;
  7. Establishment of a DDR programme
    for militias, possibly accompanied by a reconsideration of the existing “ high risk defectors” programme for al-Shabaab;
  8. Developing a strategy for al- Shabaab that prioritizes support to local conflict resolution within communities and across clans.

B. Methodology

In addition to reviewing the relevant existing literature, this study is principally based on fieldwork conducted in Mogadishu and Baidoa, Somalia, in January 2020. During that fieldwork, the author conducted 51 interviews with current and former officials of the Somali Government and the federal member states, current and former officers of Somalia’s national security forces, Somali politicians, business leaders, representatives of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), Somali clan elders, United Nations officials, international advisors to the Somali Government and international diplomats. The study also builds on the author’s previous fieldwork in Somalia in March 2015 and December 2017.[5] To protect the safety of interlocutors and to encourage them to speak honestly and openly, all interviews during this and previous fieldwork trips are reported without the use of names.

The full case study can be found here.

This material has been funded by UK aid from the UK government; however the views expressed do not necessarily reflect the UK government’s official policies.


  1. 1United Nations officials and international diplomats, interviews with the author, Mogadishu, January 2020.
  2. 2Ibid.
  3. 3Interview with the author, Mogadishu, January 2020.
  4. 4Interview with the author, Baidoa, January 2020.
  5. 5See, Vanda Felbab-Brown, “The Hard, Hot, Dusty Road to Accountability, Reconciliation, and Peace in Somalia: Amnesties, Defectors’ Programs, Traditional Justice, Informal Reconciliation Mechanisms, and Punitive Responses to al Shabaab,” in The Limits of Punishment: Transitional Justice and Violent Extremism, ed. Cale Salih (Tokyo: United Nations University, 2018), attachment/3129/4-LoP-Somalia-final.pdf.


Reports from Mogadishu say that many layers of the society were resisting the fledgling government effort to impose a night curfew in the wild city.

Multiple shootings are heard from many quarters of Mogadishu, according to eyewitness accounts.

Stay tuned.


[04-14, 9:51 PM] Ismail Warsame:
[04-14, 9:51 PM] Ismail Warsame:
[04-14, 9:51 PM] Ismail Warsame: Amazons of all Western countries, Japan and South Korea have been covered and exposed to the book.
[04-14, 9:51 PM] Ismail Warsame:
[04-14, 9:51 PM] Ismail Warsame:
[04-14, 9:51 PM] Ismail Warsame:


“Talking Truth to power, Articles of Impeachment”, Volume One, in both ebook and paperback, is now available and live worldwide at reasonable prices. Grab your copies right away.

By tomorrow, Volume Two shall also be ready.

“HAYAAN, Safarkii Dheera ee Wiilka Reer Miyiga, a Memoir, will be the next to get released in days.

Enjoy reading.


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April 13, 2020

Dear friends, colleagues and WDM Readers,

WDM is pleased to notify you all that Talking Truth to Power, Articles of Impeachment, by Ismail H. Warsame, is available to you at Amazon as a Kindle book.

Other forms and formats of the book will be ready soon.

Enjoy reading!

Please leave a review of the book behind. Feel free to comment and critigue. All comments are welcome.


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“I See Dead Bodies In The Streets Of Africa”-Bill Gates Wife

COVID-19 cases in Africa have risen to more than 10 000 and caused more than 500 deaths, while the virus was slow to reach the continent compared to other parts of the world.Around the globe, the United States on Saturday has passed Italy for the most confirmed covid-19 deaths in the world, with more than 20,000 fatalities, a figure experts have called ‘an underestimation.’

Melinda Gates, the wife of one of the world’s richest men Bill Gates, in a recent CNN interview warned about the crisis facing the African continent.

“Covid-19 will be horrible in the developing world”, she said, citing the failed healthcare and social systems in Africa.
“My heart is in Africa. I’m worried. The only reason  why the reported cases of the coronavirus disease in Africa is low now is most likely because there have not been wide testing of people. The disease is going to bite hard on the continent. I see dead bodies in the streets of Africa,” Mrs. Gates said.

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Saudi Arabia has unbearably hot wheather. Today alone nearly four hundred persons have tested positive for Coronavirus. This dispels the myth that the pandemic couldn’t develop in hot climate conditions.

Please also note that Saudi Arabia is better prepared than most countries in the Sub-region with its advanced health infrastructure.

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WhatsApp Takes New Steps to Stop the Spread of Misinformation on Its Platform

WhatsApp announced on Tuesday that it will restrict forwards of highly forwarded messages so users can only send them to one chat at a time. The idea is to make it much more difficult and tedious to bulk-forward a message. WhatsApp has put other restrictions on forwarding in the past and started labeling highly forwarded messages last year with a double-arrow icon, and has been particularly focused on curbing the spread of misinformation in recent months given the Covid-19 pandemic.

Also in the news

Security News This Week: Signal Threatens to Leave the US If EARN IT Act Passes

Signal Says It Will Leave the US Market If the EARN IT Act Passes Congress.

The end-to-end encrypted messaging app Signal, which is respected and trusted for its transparent, open-source design, says that it will be one of the immediate casualties should the controversial EARN IT Act pass Congress. Written by South Carolina Republican senator Lindsey Graham and Connecticut Democrat Richard Blumenthal and introduced in the Senate last month, the EARN IT Act claims to be a vehicle for improving how digital platforms reduce sexual exploitation and abuse of children online. But the law would really create leverage for the government to ask that tech companies undermine their encryption schemes to enable law enforcement access. Signal developer Joshua Lund said in a blog post on Wednesday that Signal is not cool with that! More specifically, he noted that Signal would face insurmountable financial burdens as a result of the law and would therefore be forced to leave the US market rather than undermine its encryption to stay. Given that Signal is recommended and used across the Department of Defense, Congress, and other parts of the US government, this would be a seemingly problematic outcome for everyone.

(Courtesy to the WIRED NEWS)

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New, larger locust swarm hits Africa amid COVID-19 threat


Digital Journal

Parts of Africa, already dealing with the COVID-19 virus are again dealing with a second plague of locusts that pushes the coronavirus into second place in many areas. The second wave of locusts is 20 times larger than the outbreak in February.

Over 25 million hectares (61.8 million acres) of farmland are affected in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia – the three countries hardest hit by the voracious insects, reports Bloomberg. Gro Intelligence, a privately funded commodity data, and analysis service said in an emailed report, “Approximately 18 million hectares, or 84 percent of crop-land in Ethiopia, is now affected by locusts,” while in Kenya and Somalia, 33 percent and 85 percent of crops are at risk, it said.The second wave of locusts is 20 times larger than the first wave that hit earlier this year, one that was described as being near “biblical proportions.” Amid the coronavirus outbreak, millions of vulnerable people have been put at even greater risk as they try to battle the swarming insects, quite often, in vain.

Locust swarm on February 3, 2020. Photo: Sven Torfinn FAO / Newsroom. The threat from the coronavirus has become a topic that comes a distant second for many in rural areas. It is the locusts that “everyone is talking about,” said Yoweri Aboket, a farmer in Uganda, according to ABC News.“Once they land in your garden they do total destruction. Some people will even tell you that the locusts are more destructive than the coronavirus. There are even some who don’t believe that the virus will reach here,” he added.

People have resorted to banging cans and waving sticks to try to drive the locusts away. TONY KARUMBA, AFP, The locust swarms have also been sighted in Djibouti, Eritrea, Tanzania, and Congo. Not only are the new swarms bigger, they include “young adults,” voracious bugs “that eat more than the adult ones,” said Kenneth Mwangi, a satellite information analyst at the Nairobi-based Climate Prediction and Application Center.The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has called the locust outbreak, caused in part by climate change, “an unprecedented threat” to food security and livelihoods. The FAO has raised its aid appeal from $76 million to $153 million. So far the FAO has collected $111 million in cash or pledges.“The current situation in East Africa remains extremely alarming as – an increasing number of new swarms are forming in Kenya, southern Ethiopia, and Somalia,” a new FAO assessment said.

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“Top 10 Strongest Warrior Tribes in Africa!!

They said

10 – Shona people: They are a tribe part of Bantu and a very powerful tribe known for establishing the Zimbabwe Empire that once dominated southern Africa and forced the Swahilis to submit a tribute to the great Shona rulers.

9 – Fulani people: They are the largest nomadic tribe in West Africa who are traditionally herders and traders that are scattered in 5 countries such as Nigeria, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger. They are militarily known for being fierce nomadic warriors that subjected and enslaved their fellow West Africans.

8 – Massai People: They are famously known for being fierce warriors and herders that dominated plains of Kenya and Tanzania. They even fight and hunt down lions showing off their strength.

7 – Mali people: They are famously known for establishing the most powerful Empire in West Africa and with its powerful military capability they were able to colonize many tribes in West Africa. Forcing the North African Berbers to submit tribute and successfully resisting the Portuguese incursion.

6 – Oromo people: They are the largest tribe in East Africa famously known for their brutal expansion in the Horn of Africa during the 16th century where they were able to conquer vast fertile lands for their growing population and the land they’ve gained is some of the best in the region. They are militarily known for crumbling the Abyssinian Kingdom and replacing it with Yejju Dynasty. They also contributed most of the Ethiopian resistance against the Italians and Egyptians.

5 – Berbers: Strong scattered tribes ranging from Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morroco and western Sahara. They were militarily known for conquering Spain, successfully resisting the ancient Persian colonizers and defeating the Roman Empire at the start. They are also known for dominating the Mediterranean sea and conquering many West African kingdoms where they converted a large population to Islam.

4 – Zulu people: Of course they are the most famous tribe by far for their fighting capability. They are the largest tribe in southern Africa and known to be a mighty fighting tribe that gave Britain a run for their money despite the fact not having advance weapons shows you truly how strong Zulus would be with their advanced weapons.

3 – Abyssinian people: They are politically and culturally a dominated group in Ethiopia and Eritrea. They are the lingua franca of both countries. Their military history dates back to the Axum period where they conquered and colonized the southern Arabians. They are a powerful mountainous people and with their perfect terrain, they were able to resist most invasions successfully and have a long history of their successful warfare skills.

2 – Nubian people: Probably the most unrated tribe on the list. They are famously known for establishing the Kush Kingdom which was the longest lasted Kingdom in Africa. The Kush Kingdom successfully resisted all foreign invaders from the middle east to Europe and successfully conquered and ruled the Egyptian Empire. They also defeated and resisted the Arab caliphate and eventually converted to Islam in peace.

1- Somali people: They are undisputedly the most powerful African tribe there can ever be. Their military warfare skills and tactics are some of the best in the continent and oldest dating back to the Land of Punt where they sent their powerful mercenaries to Egypt defeating the ancient Hittites. They occupy the largest territories in Africa scattered in 4 countries such as Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya and Djibouti. They are extremely fierce herders and great traders having the richest maritime culture & history in Africa. They were the first Africans to conduct in a naval warfare especially against a European superpower like the Portuguese Empire in the medieval times defeating them in a naval combat during the Ajuran-Portuguese wars and successfully resisting the Oromo expansion where they conquered their territories and forced Islam upon them. They were the first Africans to acquire modern weapons during the medieval period with their powerful Somali commander called Ahmed Gurrey who conquered and colonized Abyssinia for 14 years. They’ve established the most powerful kingdom known as the Ajuran Empire in the medieval times that established the most colonies in the entire African history across Africa to the Indian ocean and equally dominated the Indian ocean trade. They’ve conducted naval expedition as far as Southeast Asia exercising its power. They are the oldest Muslims in Africa and largest Muslims in East Africa and famously known for spreading Islam across Africa through trade or by brute force. They’ve historically forced many powerful Arab rulers to submit tribute in the most embarrassing manner and at the same time sacking many wealthy Arab ports. They are also historically the most brutal slave owners in Africa where they would establish slave colonies or raid local Bantus and Nilotic subjects”.

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وافاني الصديق الدكتور عبدالفتاح نور أحمد، وزير الإعلام في ولاية بونتلاند الصومالية، بمقطع عن تغطية التلفزيون الرسمي للولاية لوصول مساعدات طبية من دولة الإمارات لدعم الأطقم الطبية هناك على التصدي لفيروس كورونا المستجد كوفيد 19، رغم عدم تسجيل أية إصابة هناك حتى الآن -ولله الحمد- وإنما كخطوة احترازية، بما يعبر عن رؤية تنطلق منها الإمارات في مساعدة الأشقاء والأصدقاء على تحصين مجتمعاتهم من جائحة تفتك بالعالم.
احتوى المقطع على رسالة شكر من سعيد عبدالله ديني، رئيس وزراء ولاية «بونتلاند»، يعبر فيها وأعضاء حكومته عن الشكر والامتنان لدولة الإمارات، قيادة وحكومة وشعباً، على هذا الموقف الأخوي والإنساني النبيل، وهو ليس بالغريب على أبناء الإمارات تجاه شعب شقيق تربطنا به علاقات تاريخية ضاربة الجذور في القدم، كما قال وزير إعلام الولاية في التغطية المتلفزة لوصول الإمدادات الإغاثية الإماراتية.
الكثير من أبناء الجيل الحالي لا يعرفون شيئاً عن تلك الروابط التاريخية، فقد كان الميناء الرئيس للولاية «بوصاصو» يسمى «بندر قاسم»، واُستخدم محطة لأسطول القواسم. كما أن قبائل المنطقة «الدارود» يتحدرون من جنوب شرق الجزيرة العربية، تحديداً بلاد المهرة وجزيرة سقطرى.
تذكر كتب التاريخ أن قدماء الفراعنة أول من أشار لهذه المنطقة باسم «بلاد بونت»، يقول عالم الآثار المصري الشهير زاهي حواس إن «رحلة الملكة حتشبسوت إلى بلاد بونت تعتبر من أهم الأحداث التى حدثت خلال حكم الملكة لمصر وهي رحلة تجارية حدثت في العام الثامن من حكمها (القرن الرابع عشر قبل الميلاد)، وقد علمنا ذلك من الكتابات التي قامت الملكة بسردها على جدران معبدها بالدير البحري. وقد ذكرت في بداية هذه الكتابات أن الإله آمون هو من أوحى لها بالقيام بالرحلة وأمرها أن تذهب إلى بلاد بونت لكي تحضر البخور والأصباغ والعطور اللازمة لممارسة الطقوس الإلهية».
في أوقات المحن والشدائد تظهر معادن ومواقف الرجال، وفي هذا الوقت العصيب الذي تمر به البشرية سيذكر التاريخ بكل الإجلال والتقدير المواقف الناصعة لصاحب السمو الشيخ محمد بن زايد آل نهيان، ولي عهد أبوظبي نائب القائد الأعلى للقوات المسلحة، ووقفة الإمارات مع الشقيق والصديق.
لأهلنا وأشقائنا وأصدقائنا في كل مكان نقول «لا شكر على واجب»، حفظ الله الإمارات.شكر-من-بلاد-بونت-

The friend, Dr. Abdel Fattah Nour Ahmed, Minister of Information in the Somali state of Puntland, gave me a clip on the state’s official television coverage of medical aid arriving from the UAE to support medical teams there to tackle the new Corona virus as a benefit of 19, although no infection has been recorded there yet – praise be to God – Rather, as a precautionary step, in a way that reflects the vision of the Emirates in helping brothers and friends fortify their societies from a pandemic that kills the world.
The passage contained a letter of thanks from Saeed Abdullah Dini, Prime Minister [President] of the “Puntland State”, in which he and the members of his government express their gratitude and gratitude to the UAE, leadership, government and people for this noble and humane stance, and he is no stranger to the people of the Emirates towards a brotherly people with whom we have ties A historic roots in the foot, as stated by the Minister of State Information in the televised coverage of the arrival of Emirati relief supplies.
Many of the people of the current generation do not know anything about these historical ties. The main port of the state, Bossaso, was called Bandar Qasim, and a station was used for the Qawasim fleet. Also, the tribes of the region “Al-Darud” descend from the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula, specifically the lands of Al-Mahra and Socotra.
History books mention that the ancient Pharaohs first referred to this region as “Puntland”, the famous Egyptian archaeologist Zahi Hawas says that “Queen Hatshepsut’s trip to Puntland is one of the most important events that occurred during the rule of the Queen to Egypt and it is a commercial trip that occurred in the eighth year of Her rule (the fourteenth century BC), and we learned this from the writings that the Queen narrated on the walls of her temple in Deir el-Bahri. I mentioned at the beginning of these writings that it was God Amun who inspired her to make the journey and ordered her to go to Puntland in order to bring incense, dyes and perfumes necessary for the practice of divine rituals.
In times of adversity and adversity, the minerals and attitudes of men appear, and in this difficult time that humanity is going through, history will remember with all due respect and appreciation the clear attitudes of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, Deputy Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, and the UAE stand with brother and friend.
For our people, brothers, and friends everywhere we say “No thanks for duty”, may God protect the Emirates.

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Reports indicate that there are disgruntled militia elements in Garowe tonight. Initial still sketchy reports say they were brought in from Nugal Region countryside in support of owners of illegal properties recently dismantled by the Local Garowe Government.

Security forces engaged in enforcing the curfew to prevent the spread of COVID-19 were reported to be avoiding clashes and confrontation with the lawless countryside militia, the so-called “Marya Calas” (Dress-stained).

Stay tuned.

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Mogadishu Mosque Murwaas in turmoil after authorities to close for fear Coronavirus

“This how people in Mogadishu responded after authorities try to close Masjid Marwas today at Jummah prayer to prevent and slow the spread of the virus. I hope people with wisdom [would] prevail”.

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The Late Mustafa Haji Nur

In the making of a leader of the Somali Salvation Front.

I had the opportunity to work with Mustafa at ‘Radio Kulmis Idaacadda Wareegta ee Codka Jabhadda Dimoqraatiga ee Badbaadinta Soomaaliyeed”. He had a weekly program on the Somali Regime of the day and its power abuses. I, too, had a weekly program called “La Kaasho Maskaxtaada iyo Maslaxadda Dalkaaga”. To be with Mustafa was truly a great pleasure. He was the most knowledgeable and brightest human being I had ever met with -talents with experience combined with rare and unique oratory capabilities with an articulation rarely seen in Radio broadcasting.

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Unconfirmed reports say that Puntland President, Said Abdullahi Deni, is scheduled to travel to Mogadishu this month, most probably on the 18th of April, 2020.

Earlier, in the aftermath of Puntland Consultative Conference last month, the President had indicated his intention to visit Mogadishu for talks with the leaders of Federal Government and Federal Member States to pave the way for a Puntland proposal on a wider consultative Conference by all stakeholders of the Somali State.

From therein ensued a controversy on the objectives of the President’s announcement, given the strong language used in the final communique of Garowe Consultative Conference with regards to the relationships between Puntland Government and current leaders of the FGS. Spokesmen of Puntland Administration sought to clarify their position a number of times on the controversy.

It is still unclear whether all the leaders of FMSs would join President Deni in Mogadishu as it is known that Jubaland President, Ahmed Madoobe, has equally bad relations with Mogadishu Federal Administration.


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UHN is cancelling in-person appointments that are not urgent.

  • Do not come to the hospital unless your care provider has told you to. Only patients with appointments are allowed in the hospital.
  • For emergencies: call 911 or go to your nearest hospital emergency department or urgent care clinic.

What is happening?

We have made the difficult decision to cancel most in-person appointments that are not urgent. Patient and staff safety is our top priority. We made this decision to lower the risk of spreading COVID-19 and to better meet the needs of patients who need urgent care.

How will my care change?

Our aim is to keep you safe while providing the care you need.

Your care provider may call you to arrange virtual visits. During a virtual visit you speak with your care provider using a phone or your computer. You do not come to the hospital.

Important: You can say no to having a virtual visit, but you may wait longer for an in-person appointment. At this time, we are only scheduling in-person appointments for urgent patient needs.

After your visit you may get an email or text message asking you to fill out a survey on virtual care at UHN. These messages are from UHN and not myUHN Patient Portal


Abriille 8, 2020

Waxaan kasoo duulay Vancouver, Kanada, via London, UK. Waxay ahayd Oktoobar 1995. Waxan go’aansaday in aan dalkayka Soomaaliya dib ugu soo laabto. Weli waxaa socda dagaalkii Sokeeye. Markaa, Xamar waxay ahayd bal-galeen la isku baaba’ay. Waqooyi Bari Soonaaliya khilaaf siyaasadeed oo xoogan baa ka jirey. 
Waxan kusoo talagay in aan Imaaraadka shaqo ka holiyo, ugu horayn, inta aanan tegin gobollada Waqooyi Bari. Waxaan yaraha ku hakaday London mudo dhawr bilood ah. 
Waxaan ahaa doob gaamuray, oo malaha u baahan in uu qoys yeesho iyo murwo uu salaadda ku dhawrto. Waxaan London iska helay Murwadeyda berri ee ii dhalidoonta Cawo, Osob iyo Caasha, Ismahaan Cabdirahmaan Bootaan (Indhaciiro).
Meherka iyo aqal-galka kahor, ayaa Murwo Ismahaan iyo anigu habayn gurigayaga Xaafadda Brixton ku casunay Maxamuud Ismaaciil Xuseen (Xudeydi), aabihii guitar-ka Soonaaliya. AHN, Xudeydi wuxu ahaa fanaan habaynkii oo dhan soo jeeda, guitar-kana tumayaa kala joogsi-la’aan. 
Ujeedada casumaadayadu Waxay ahayd in aan ku qancino Xudeydii kasoo qaybgalka Arooskayaga London, oo isaguna ku noolaa. Habaynkii Xudeydi, Ismahaan iyo anigu waa wada dhafaray. Aroor hore, ayaan Xudeydi sii mariyey ATM-ka Bangigii loo yaqaanay Midlands, ayadoo gacanteydu ayan masuugeen.
Xudeydii ka qaybgalka arooskayagii waa u gooyey. Mar hadaan saa u hagaajiyey, waa imariweyday sababta uu Xudeydi nooga af-gambisaday. 
Waa dambe ayaan ogaaday sababta uu Xudeydi arooska ugu gooyey. Ileen fanaanku, intii anan guursan Murwada, ayuu horey u caashaqsanaa, oo wuxuuba isu qaatay dhibane jacaykiisii laga dhacay.
Alle hawnaxariisto marxuunka.

Qore: Ismail Xaaji Warsame

Garoowe, Puntland.

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أزمة الغذاء في الصومال في ظل جائحة كورونا

نشرت بواسطة: محمد عبدالرزاق حيدري  في بحوث5 أبريل، 20200 172 زيارة


يعيش العالم اليوم حالة من الفزع والقلق إثر انتشار الوباء العالمي “Covid-19” في جميع القارات وغالبية دول العالم، وكنتيجة للعولمة فقد تفشى الفيروس بسرعة رهيبة بين كافة الشعوب في العالم، وقد وصل إلى الصومال في السادس عشر من مارس 2020م حيث اكتشفت أول حالة مصابة بالفيروس في مطار مقديشو، ثم توالت الحالات حتى وصلت اليوم إلى 5 حالات، مع ترقب اكتشاف حالات جديدة، واحتمال وجود حالات غير مكتشفة في طول البلاد وعرضها، وفي ظل ذلك نلقي الضوء في هذه الدراسة على أزمة الغذاء المرتقبة في الصومال، كنتيجة لانكماش العولمة وتراجع التجارة العالمية بسبب الفيروس.ولكي نتعرف على حقيقة أزمة الغذاء وتأثيرها على المواطنين، سنتحدث عن مقوّمات المعيشة في الصومال، ومصادر الغذاء التي يعتمد عليها الصوماليون، ثم نعرّج على الأسباب التي تحول دون تحقيق الاكتفاء الذاتي في الصومال، وما هي الآثار الغذائية المحتملة للفيروس على الصوماليين.لقراءة المزيد، انقر على الرابط أعلاه.


Kenyan Newspaper editor joked on Somalis in Nairobi, Kenya, 2005.

I have been keeping this newspaper cartoon clip safely since 2005. What is your takeaway from this cartoon?

Let me give you a description of the Standard Newspaper Cartoon. People fighting at top are the TFG members of Parliament. President KIBAKI is sending AYA off, saying Nairobi can’t handle two local heads of State and AYA has to go.

AYA isn’t sure which way he could head to: Jowhar, Djibouti or Addis Ababa. It was in 2005.

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