Garowe, April 13, 2019 – Somalia went into a vicious civil war leading to the downfall of the Central Government in January 1991. No clear victor emerged from the most ravaging civil and armed conflicts.

As result, the country fell into fiefdoms of clan-dominated entities under the modeling and typical imitations of Somali political seasonal fashion: armed organizations, religious militant sects, religious tariqa, Islamic courts, islamist schools and pseudo universities, and now, regional states like Somaliland, Puntland, Jubaland, Southwest, GalMudugh and Hirshabelle. There are still others aspiring to copy and imitate the above.
All these entities are led by military-politico-religious elites known to each other for years before the civil war broke out. For them, national reconciliation means an understanding among themselves. Most of them believe that there was never been a war among Somali clans. For them, reconciliation is tatamount to bargaining among the fighting elites of various factions of clan political and religious persuasions and regional entities. Clan power-sharing is based on their perception and factional vision for Somalia. The fundamental law of the Federation, the constitution, is under permanent review and never put out of the way, and therefore, the federal system agreed to, is in jeopardy.
The Federal Government of Somalia is the outcome of their transitional bargaining efforts. It is, therfore, caught up in their entanglements, in-fighting and under constant threat of being deposed suddenly and at any moment.
In a nutshell, this is the state of the union with regards to Somali National Reconciliation Process – a necessary and imperative process to reconcile nationally and nationwide any population suffering from the deep wounds of war trauma of that scale and magnitude that had had happened in Somalia and Rwanda

In conclusion, what is unfathomable to, though, is the fact that the massive victims and survivors of this Somalia’s Civil War are shying away from telling the world community about these atrocities like a girl raped, who is more concerned with the shame and stigma associated with the crime in a conservative society like Somalia rather than exposing her ordeal.

How do you start a healing process if the victims and their abusers were not brought together for settlement and repentance?

Let us talk on the issue.

Author: Warsame Digital Media WDM

About the blogger: This blog is associated with the former Chief of Staff in Puntland State Presidency, 1998-2005. He also worked with the UN and World Bank Joint Secretariat for Somalia’s Re-construction and Development Program (RDP), 2005-2006, as a Zonal Technical Coordinator for Puntland and later as National Aid Technical Coordinator with the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia and European Union. He is now an independent political analyst and commentator on current issues and occasionally gives historical perspective on modern Somalia’s politics. He lives and works in Toronto, Canada. He can be reached at:


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