On the Fight for Decentrilization in Somalia’s Governance

By Abdisalam Salwe, PhD.

Somalis have always been federal or decentralized as you can imagine. Somali speaking people are scattered all around the Horn of Africa [and beyond], speaking the same language. The question is what let them speak the same language? It is because of Somali midnimo [unity of culture and purpose] based on a culture of a decentralized system.

I discussed the issue of decentralization (or federalism) in a paper I presented at “Il corno d’Africa fra Storia, Diritto e Politica” held [in] Rome, 13-14 December 2002. I was discussing how the Somali midnimo has been affected (and destroyed) by the centralization system Somalia took after the independence. [Take a read it here]:


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